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How is myeloma treated?
Treatment is aimed at controlling the myeloma, relieving the symptoms and complications it causes and improving patient’s quality of life.
Myeloma treatment is almost always with a combination of drugs over periods of time known as cycles. Cycles may last from weeks to months. The best treatment combination is based on a number of factors:
- Your age
- General health and how fit you are
- Any previous treatments
- Genetic subtype of your myeloma
Treatment is generally divided into two groups:
- Non-intensive – for older/less fit and elderly/frail patients
- Intensive – for younger/fitter patients
Treatment combinations are usually made up of two or three different types of drugs which work well together and can include chemotherapy drugs (eg cyclophosphamide and melphalan), steroids (eg dexamethasone and prednisolone) and other types of anti-myeloma drugs (eg thalidomide, Velcade® (bortezomib) and Revlimid® (lenalidomide)).