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COVID-19: What measures should I be following?

Updated: 31/07/20

There is a range of advice about what people should be doing to minimise their risk of infection and prevent the spread of COVID-19. This advice can differ depending on your individual circumstances and the country you live in. The advice is different in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland because of the number of active cases of COVID-19, hospital capacity and the difference in the COVID-19 reproduction rate (number of people infected by someone with COVID-19). As a result, the measures people should be taking to prevent the spread of COVID-19 are different.

Important

Regardless of where you live or the measures you are following you should contact your healthcare team as soon as possible if you develop new or worsening:

  • Symptoms of COVID-19
  • Symptoms of any other infection
  • Symptoms of myeloma
  • Side effects of treatment

England

Self-isolation

Self-isolation means staying at home to prevent the spread of infection. It is recommended when you have COVID-19, have symptoms, or have been in contact with someone with symptoms and pose an infection risk to others.

Find out what you should and shouldn’t do while self-isolating by reading full the guidance here.

If you are self-isolating because you have COVID-19 symptoms you should book a test through the GOV.UK website or by calling 119 if you have no internet access.

If you have any planned medical appointments contact your healthcare team for advice to ensure you get the necessary medical care.

Who should be self-isolating?

Recommended for people with COVID-19 symptoms or those who have been in contact with someone with symptoms.

Important

Patients on treatment or recovering from HDT-SCT who have COVID-19 symptoms (especially fever) should contact their healthcare team.

Social distancing (staying alert)

Social distancing means reducing social interactions and practising good hygiene to slow the spread of infection and reduce your risk of infection.

You can find out measures people in England should be taking to reduce the levels of COVID-19 by reading the UK Government guidelines.

These are general guidelines which list all the types of social interaction and activity considered acceptable for people in England. People with a higher risk of COVID-19 should assess what they are comfortable doing, the COVID-19 risk in their local area, and their individual risk level when making decisions about the type of activities acceptable to them.

The general guidance in specific areas may differ if local lockdowns are in place.

Who should socially distance?

Recommended for everyone in England who doesn’t need to self-isolate. It is recommended that people with a higher risk of COVID-19 (including patients with myeloma, MGUS, AL amyloidosis or smouldering myeloma) strictly follow the social distancing guidance.

Scotland

Self-isolation

Self-isolation means staying at home to prevent the spread of infection. It is recommended when you have COVID-19, have symptoms or have been in contact with someone with symptoms and pose an infection risk to others.

Find out what you should and shouldn’t do while self-isolating by reading the full guidance here.

If you are self-isolating because you have COVID-19 symptoms you should book a test at GOV.UK website or by calling the coronavirus helpline (0800 028 2816) if you can’t access the test form online or need help to complete it.

If you have any planned medical appointments contact your healthcare team for advice to ensure you get the necessary medical care.

Who should be self-isolating?

Recommended for people with COVID-19 symptoms or those who have been in contact with someone with symptoms.

Important

Patients on treatment or recovering from HDT-SCT who have COVID-19 symptoms (especially fever) should contact their healthcare team.

Social distancing (Phase 3)

Social distancing means reducing social interactions and practising good hygiene to slow the spread of infection and reduce your risk of infection.

You can find out measures people in Scotland should be taking to reduce the levels of COVID-19 by reading the Scottish Government guidelines.

These are general guidelines which list all the types of social interaction and activity considered acceptable for people in Scotland.

People with a higher risk of COVID-19 should assess what they are comfortable doing, the COVID-19 risk in their local area, and their individual risk level when making decisions about the type of activities acceptable to them.

The general guidance on specific areas may differ if local lockdowns are in place.

Who should socially distance?

Recommended for everyone in Scotland who doesn’t need to self-isolate. It is recommended that people with a higher risk of COVID-19 (including patients with myeloma, MGUS, AL amyloidosis or smouldering myeloma) strictly follow the social distancing guidance.

Wales

Self-isolation

Self-isolation means staying at home to prevent the spread of infection. It is recommended when you have COVID-19, have symptoms or have been in contact with someone with symptoms and pose an infection risk to others.

Find out what you should and shouldn’t do while self-isolating by reading the full guidance here.

If you are self-isolating because you have COVID-19 symptoms you should book a test through the GOV.UK website or by calling 119 if you have no internet access.

If you have any planned medical appointments contact your healthcare team for advice to ensure you get the necessary medical care.

Who should be self-isolating?

Recommended for people with COVID-19 symptoms or those who have been in contact with someone with symptoms.

Important

Patients on treatment or recovering from HDT-SCT who have COVID-19 symptoms (especially fever) should contact their healthcare team.

Shielding

Shielding means staying at home to reduce your risk of infection. It is recommended for people who have a very high risk of severe illness due to COVID-19.

Shielding means:

  • You should strictly avoid contact with someone who is displaying symptoms of COVID-19 (fever, new continuous cough and/or loss of smell or taste)
  • You can leave your house to spend time outdoors or to attend an essential medical appointment.
  • You can form and stay in an ‘extended household group’. This means you can choose another household of any size and act as one household and can stay over at their home. However, you should still try to maintain physical distance and everyone should follow good hygiene precautions. If anyone within an extended household develops symptoms of COVID-19, everyone in the extended household will have to self-isolate.
  • You can leave your home to exercise while maintaining 2m distancing from other people
  • You can spend time outdoors with people from another household (ideally the same household each time) while maintaining 2m distance
  • You should not attend any gatherings with friends or family
  • You should not go out for shopping and food or medication deliveries should be left at the door to minimise contact
  • You should avoid busy, indoor or enclosed spaces (e.g. shops, other households)

Within your own home you should:

  • Minimise time spent with people you live with, including sleeping in a separate bed where possible, and keep 2 metres away from others when in shared spaces
  • Use separate towels and, if possible, use a separate bathroom, or clean the bathroom after every use
  • Avoid using the kitchen at the same time as other people, take your meals back to your room to eat where possible, and ensure all kitchenware is cleaned thoroughly

You should still attend all essential medical appointments. Talk to your GP or healthcare team to determine if any of your appointments can be postponed or carried out from home.

Shielding advice will be in place until the 16 August.

Who should be shielding?

Recommended for very high-risk people including myeloma patients (including those in remission), AL amyloidosis patients on treatment or recovering from HDT-SCT.

More information on shielding

Read the full guidance here.

Social distancing (stay local)

Social distancing means reducing social interactions and practising good hygiene to slow the spread of infection and reduce your risk of infection.

You can find out the measures people in Wales should be taking to reduce the levels of COVID-19 by reading the Welsh Government guidelines.

The general guidance on specific areas may differ if local lockdowns are in place.

Who should socially distance?

Recommended for people with pre-existing conditions living in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland who don’t fall into the very high-risk category (including patients with MGUS or smouldering myeloma and all other AL amyloidosis patients), carers, family and friends.

Northern Ireland

Self-isolation

Self-isolation means staying at home to prevent the spread of infection. It is recommended when you have COVID-19, have symptoms or have been in contact with someone with symptoms and pose an infection risk to others.

Find out what you should and shouldn’t do while self-isolating by reading the full guidance here.

If you are self-isolating because you have COVID-19 symptoms you should book a test through the GOV.UK website or by calling 119 if you have no internet access.

If you have any planned medical appointments contact your healthcare team for advice to ensure you get the necessary medical care.

Who should be self-isolating?

Recommended for people with COVID-19 symptoms or those who have been in contact with someone with symptoms.

Important

Patients on treatment or recovering from HDT-SCT who have COVID-19 symptoms (especially fever) should contact their healthcare team.

Social distancing (Stay home)

Social distancing means reducing social interactions and practising good hygiene to slow the spread of infection and reduce your risk of infection.

You can find out measures people in Northern Ireland should be taking to reduce the levels of COVID-19 by reading the Northern Irish Government guidelines.

These are general guidelines which ist all the types of social interaction and activity considered acceptable for people in Northern Ireland. People with a higher risk of COVID-19 should assess what they are comfortable doing, the COVID-19 risk in their local area, and their individual risk level when making decisions about the type of activities acceptable to them.

The general guidance in specific areas may differ if local lockdowns are in place.

Who should socially distance?

Recommended for everyone in Northern Ireland who doesn’t need to self-isolate. It is recommended that people with a higher risk of COVID-19 (including patients with myeloma, MGUS, AL amyloidosis or smouldering myeloma) strictly follow the social distancing guidance.